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Molecular Biology Of Gene
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Molecular biology of gene is a highly specialized field of biology, with medical professionals and Science scholars carrying out extensive research into genes. In Germany, for example, researchers have delved into the in-depth study of the genes of fruit flies.
The fruit fly is one of the most preferred organisms in biological research, and in the study of molecular biology of gene, it would be the natural choice for many researchers. This is attributed to the genetic comparability of the fly in several ways to that of other mammals, including human beings. In addition to the similarities, fruit flies are easy to look after, they mature and reproduce fast, lay numerous eggs and have a lifespan of ten days which allows for a number of generations to be studied within a couple of weeks.
Apart from Germany, United States scientists are also reportedly working on genetic studies based on the fruit fly. Citing one of their findings in a journal, the American scientists said that they manipulated the genes of the fruit fly in a bid to understand why insulin production fails in diabetes Type 1. Likewise, another separate research still in the United States recorded findings that another fruit fly gene had been discovered. In their findings, the scientists note that if this newly discovered gene has a defect, the fly is not able to build the necessary fats required to sustain its life.
In molecular biology of gene, such a discovery is very important and a milestone in the potential breakthroughs in pharmaceuticals, particularly with regard to the effect this can have on finding solutions to obese people all over the world. Based on such results, it would be possible to develop medications that are controlled, and able to offer solutions to obesity and diabetes.
Given that the fruit fly has similarities with humans in terms of genetic composition, it therefore goes that the gene controlling fat production performs the same functions as the case is with fruit flies. From the scientific findings after conducting research on the fruit flies, it is now confirmed that the gene, otherwise called the lass gene, is the cause of serious metabolic complications in mammals. However, different living organisms have different numbers and types of this gene. For humans, the lass genes are said to be six in number. Thanks to the fruit fly, molecular biology of gene has seen important developments.