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Molecular Biology Gene
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Molecular biology deals with formation, functions and structure of all macromolecules that are very essential for life to exist. Elements such as proteins and nucleic acids are often studied in molecular biology. Focus is often put on the role that they play when it comes to transmission of genetic information and cell replication.
This branch of natural sciences explores ways in which DNA is manipulated in order to be mutated or sequenced. If DNA is mutated, it has to be inserted into an organism's genome so that the effects of mutation can be properly studied and understood.
The chemical structures of various molecules are studied and properly understood. All the processes that involve the use of these molecules are also studied. Molecular biology cropped out of genetics, biochemistry and biophysics. These disciplines are concerned with study and analysis of proteins, enzymes and nucleic acids.
The evolutions of this discipline can be traced back to early 1950's when more and more information on protein structure was becoming available. This information finally made it very possible for the DNA structure to be accurately described. In the 1970s, some enzymes were discovered. These enzymes were special in that they had the ability to cut and then recombine certain segments of different DNAs such that it was possible for recombinant-DNA technology to be conceived.
Molecular biologists have been using recombinant-DNA technology in order to isolate and even modify different types of genes. The main rationale behind the conception of molecular biology was to make it easy for relationships between different molecules to be established. This way, it became easy for the role of each molecule in the body to be determined.
With different pieces of molecular biology gene information, it is very easy for relationships between genes and molecules to be established. In this discipline, emphasis has been in the manner in which genes are structured, organized and regulated with a molecular setting.
Noticeable information that has been uncovered relates to protozoa, yeast, and other types of eukaryotic cells. Animal viruses and bacteriophage have also been very good sources of study materials for scientists. Through these platforms, molecules are understood very succinctly in terms of structure and function. This understanding makes it easy to deal with diseases since the structural and functional problems can be identified and rectified very easily. This understanding has been extended in different animal and plant forms in order for the best experimental techniques to be conceived.